โ€ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”โ€ ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืฆืคื•ืŸ?

ื›ื•ืชื‘ ื”ืžืืžืจ: ื“"ืจ ื ื™ืจ ื‘ื•ืžืก

ืงืจื“ื™ื˜: ืžืจื›ื– ืžืฉื” ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ ื”ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืืคืจื™ืงื”
ื—ื•ื‘ืฉืช ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ื ื•ืชื ืช ืกื™ื•ืข ืœื™ืœื“ื” ืกื•ืจื™ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืกื“ื” ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื‘ืžืื™ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืชื‘ืฉืจื ื• ืขืœ ื”ืงืžืชื” ืฉืœ ืžื ื”ืœืช "ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”", ื™ื—ื™ื“ืช ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฆื‘ืื™ืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืชืคืงื™ื“ื” ย ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืงืฉืจ ืขื ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื”ืกื•ืจื™, ืชื™ืื•ื ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื•ืงืœื™ื˜ืช ืคืฆื•ืขื™ื. ืœืฆื“ ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืœื•ื’ื™ืกื˜ื™ืงื”, ืžืกืจ ื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืฆื”"ืœ, ืชืงืœื•ื˜ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข, ืฉื”ืชืžื—ื• ื‘ื”ืคืขืœืช ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ืจืคื•ืื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื•ืžื ื˜ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืงืฉืจื™ื ืขื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื.[1] ื”ืžื ื”ืœืช, ืฉื”ื•ืงืžื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ ื”ืื—ืจืื™ ืขืœ ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ืช ื‘ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื•ืฉื•ืžืจื•ืŸ (ืžืชืค"ืฉ) ื”ื™ื ื” ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ื›ืœืคื™ ื”ืžืฉื‘ืจ ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื”, ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืื‘ื—ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืขื“ ื›ื”. ื”ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ (2012-2011) ื”ืชืืคื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขืžื™ื“ื” ืžื ื’ื“; ื”ืฉื ื™ (2013 ื•ื”ืœืื”) ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืงื•ื•ื™ื ื”ืื“ื•ืžื™ื; ย ื•ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ (2016-2014) ื‘ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื”ืงืžืช ืžืกื’ืจืช ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”.

ืขื ืคืจื•ืฅ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื” ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืืœ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื›ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืฉืื™ื ื” ื ื•ื’ืขืช ืœื” ื•ืžื•ื˜ื‘ ืœื” ืœื”ืฉืงื™ืฃ ืขืœื™ื” ืžื”ืฆื“ ื‘ืœื ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ืขืžื“ื”. ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื–ื• ืฉืœ 'ืขืžื™ื“ื” ืžื ื’ื“'[2] ย ืฉืืคื” ืœื ืœืขืจื‘ ืืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืงื•ื ืคืœื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื™ืฉื™ืจ ืžืชื•ืš ืชืคื™ืฉื” ืฉื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื•ื‘ืžืจื›ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืœื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืขืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจืกื™ื ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช. ืืœื ย ืฉื”ืชืžืฉื›ื•ืช ื”ืœื—ื™ืžื” ื•"ื ื“ื™ื“ืชื”" ืœื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื”[3] ื•ืœืžื—ื•ื–ื•ืช ืฉื›ื ื™ื ืื™ืœืฆื• ืืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื’ื™ืฉืชื”. ื›ืš ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ื›ืจื™ื– ืฉืจ ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 2013 ืฉ"ื‘ื”ืกืชื›ืœื ื• ืขืœ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื”, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืœื›ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื”ืฆื”ืจื ื• ื•ืคืขืœื ื• ื›ืžื™ ืฉืื™ื ื ื• ืžืขื•ืจื‘ ื•ืื™ื ื ื• ืžืชืขืจื‘ ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืคื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจืกื™ื ืฉืœื ื•. ืœื›ืŸ, ืงื‘ืขื ื• ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื – ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ื ืฉืง ื›ื™ืžื™ ืœื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื” ืื• ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืจื™ื‘ื•ื ื•ืชื ื•."[4] ย ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืงื‘ืขื” ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื ืฉื™ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื• ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”: ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ื ืฉืง, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื ืฉืง ืžืชืงื“ื, ืœื™ื“ื™ ืืจื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื” ื‘ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ; ื”ืฉื ื™, ื–ืœื™ื’ืช ื”ืงื•ื ืคืœื™ืงื˜ ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื™ืฉืจืืœ; ื•ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™, ื”ืชื‘ืกืกื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ื™ื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ. ื‘ืคื ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืขืžื“ื• ืฉืชื™ ืื•ืคืฆื™ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช: ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื”, ื”ืขื“ืคืช "ื”ืฉื˜ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื›ืจ" – ืžืฉื˜ืจื• ืฉืœ ืืกื“, ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื›ืื•ืก ื•ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ื•ืช ื’'ื™ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืืคืฉืจื™ืช; ื•ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”, ืคืขื•ืœื” ื ื’ื“ 'ื”ืฆื™ืจ' ื”ืคืจื•-ืื™ืจืื ื™, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ืžืฉื˜ืจ ืืกื“ ื•ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ื ื”ื ืชืžื›ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื™ืจืืŸ ื•ื‘ืจืืฉื ืืจื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื”, ื‘ืžื˜ืจื” ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืฉืคืขืชื• ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื•ื‘ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ ื•ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืชื‘ืกืกื•ืชื• ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื”. ื‘ื”ืขื“ืจ ื”ื›ืจืขื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืชื™ื™ื, ื”ืชืžืงื“ื” ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืฉืžื™ืจืช ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉื•ื˜ืฃ ื•ื‘ื”ื“ื™ืคืช ืื™ื•ืžื™ื ืฉื”ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ืคื ื™ื” ื”ืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื”, ื•ืžื™ืขื˜ื” ืœืชื•ืจ ืื—ืจ ื”ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ืœื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืœืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืžืชื•ื ื™ื ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื‘ื–ื™ืจื”.

ื”ืžื™ืžื“ ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ โ€“ ื”ื•ืžื™ื ื˜ืจื™

ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ืœื”ื™ืกื•ืก ื•ืœืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”"ืขืžื™ื“ื” ืžื ื’ื“" ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉืœืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ืช ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ื‘ื”ื ื”ื’ืช ืžืกืคืจ ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ ืกื™ื•ืข ื›ืžื• "ื™ื“ ื‘ื™ื“ ืขื ืกื•ืจื™ื”", ""Israel Flying Aid, ื”ื’'ื•ื™ื ื˜, ื•ื ืช"ืŸ, ืžืืžืฅ ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื‘ืžืกืคืจ ื–ื™ืจื•ืช, ื•ื‘ื›ืœืœืŸ ื‘ื™ืจื“ืŸ, ื‘ืชื•ืจื›ื™ื”, ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ื•ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืขืฆืžื”. ื›ืžื” ืžืืจื’ื•ื ื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืืฃ ื™ืฆืื• ื‘ืงืžืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืคื•ืžื‘ื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ืžืžืฉืœืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ืขืžื“ื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจ ื•ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืขืจื•ืฅ ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ืคืขื™ืœ. ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื”, ื ืขืฉื• ืžืืžืฆื™ ื”ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื ืžืชื•ืืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื ืžืืžืฆื™ ื”ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœื• ืœื’ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ืกื“ื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืงื• ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™.

ื”ืžืืžืฅ ื”ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ื”ื—ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื‘-2011 ื‘ื”ื•ื‘ืœืชื ืฉืœ ืคืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ ืกื™ื•ืข ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื‘ืกื™ื•ืข ืœืคืœื™ื˜ื™ื ืฉื–ืจืžื• ืœื™ืจื“ืŸ ื•ืœืชื•ืจื›ื™ื”. ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ื ืžืฉื›ื• ืžื’ืขื™ื ืขื ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืื•ืคื•ื–ื™ืฆื™ื” ืกื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ื”ื•ืช ืขื ื”ื’ื•ืฉ ื”ืžืชื•ืŸ ื‘ืงื•ืืœื™ืฆื™ื” ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช ื•ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื’ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ืœื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ืขืจื•ืฆื™ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ื, ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืกื™ื•ืข ื”ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™. ื”ืกื™ื•ืข ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ืฉื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื–ื•ืŸ ื™ื‘ืฉ ื•ื—ืœื•ืงืชืŸ; ืืกืคืงืช ืฆื™ื•ื“ ืจืคื•ืื™, ื”ืงืžืช ื‘ืชื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื•ืžืจืคืื•ืช (ื”ืŸ ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืขืฆืžื” ื•ื”ืŸ ื‘ืื™ืจื•ืคื” ื•ื‘ื™ืจื“ืŸ ืœืžืขืŸ ื”ืคืœื™ื˜ื™ื), ืžืกื’ืจื•ืช ื™ื•ื ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ื›ืชื—ืœื™ืฃ ืœื‘ืชื™ ื”ืกืคืจ, ืขืจื›ื•ืช ืžื’ืŸ ื•ืžื“ืคืกื•ืช ืชืœืช ืžืžื“ ืœื”ื“ืคืกืช ืคืจื•ื˜ื–ื•ืช ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื’ื ื” ืžื ืฉืง ื›ื™ืžื™ ืœืฆื•ื•ืชื™ื ื”ืจืคื•ืื™ื™ื; ื”ื›ืฉืจืช ืฉืชื™ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืืฉ ื•ื—ื™ืœื•ืฅ, ืคื™ื ื•ื™ ื”ืจื™ืกื•ืช ื•ืื™ืชื•ืจ ืœื›ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ื‘ืืช ืคืฆื•ืขื™ื ื“ืจืš ื ืžืœ ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ื‘ืŸ-ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืœื ื™ืชื•ื—ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืืจืฅ ื‘ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืžืฉืจื“ื™ ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื”ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ื. ื”ื™ืงืฃ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื”ืกื™ื•ืข ืžืขื™ื“ ื›ืฉืœืขืฆืžื• ืขืœ ืขื•ืžืง ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื• ื‘ืขืจื•ืฆื™ื ืืœื•. ื›ืžื™ ืฉื”ื™ื” ืฉื•ืชืฃ ืœื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื›ืžื” ืžืฉื•ืชืคื•ื™ื•ืช ืืœื•, ืื ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืขื™ื“ ืขืœ ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืชืŸ ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื”ืชื•ื“ืขื” ื”ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ ืฉื—ืœ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืชื“ืžื™ืชื” ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืชืคืงื™ื“ื” ื”ืืคืฉืจื™ ื›ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ. ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื–ื• ืฉืœ "ื“ื™ืคืœื•ืžื˜ื™ื” ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ืช" ืกื™ื™ืขื” ืœืกืœื™ืœืช ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ืืœ ื”ืฉื›ื ื™ื ืฉืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ.[5]

ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื•ืย  ื•ื”ืงืžืช ืžืกื’ืจืช ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”

ืœืฆื“ ื”ืขืจื•ืฆื™ื ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื—ืœ ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื’ื ืžืขืจืš ื”ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื”ืจืฉืžื™ ืฉืœ ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ืžืขืจืš ื–ื” ื”ื—ืœ ื‘-2013 ื›ื™ื•ื–ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืงืฆื™ืŸ ืฆื”"ืœ ืฉืืกืฃ ืคืฆื•ืข ืกื•ืจื™ ืžืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ, ื•ื ืžืฉืš ื‘ื”ืงืžืช ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืฉื“ื” ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ. ื‘ืžืจื•ืฆืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืชืžืกื“ื” ื™ื•ื–ืžื” ื–ื•, ื•ืขื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ืชืงื‘ืœื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž-3,000 ืคืฆื•ืขื™ื ืกื•ืจื™ื, ื‘ื”ื ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื, ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื•ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืจืคื•ืื™ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ื•ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ืžืฉืœื•ื—ื™ ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช, ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื•ืฉืžื™ื›ื•ืช ืœื›ืคืจื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื”ืกื•ืจื™. ืฆื”"ืœ ื’ื™ื‘ืฉ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื™ื™ืขื•ื“ื™ืช ืœืคืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื’ื–ืจืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื•ื–ื• ืฉื™ืชืคื” ืคืขื•ืœื” ืขื ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ื ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ื™ื ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื. ื’ื ื›ืืŸ ื—ื‘ืจื• ื”ืžื™ืžื“ ื”ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื•ื”ืžื™ืžื“ ื”ืžื‘ืฆืขื™, ื•ืจืฆืฃ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื’ื–ืจื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ื•ื–ื—ื™ืœืชื ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืกื™ื™ืข ืœื”ื™ื“ื•ืง ื”ื–ื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื.

ืžืฉื ืช 2013 ื”ื—ืœื” ื”ืœื—ื™ืžื” ืœื”ืชืงื“ื ื“ืจื•ืžื” ื•ื‘ืกื•ืคื” ืฉืœ ืฉื ื” ื–ื• ื ืกื•ื’ื• ืจื•ื‘ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจ ืžืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ื—ืœืœ ืฉืขื“ ืžื”ืจื” ื”ืชืžืœื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ื‘ื›ืœืœื ืžื™ืœื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ื•ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื’'ื™ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื” ื•ืฉื”ืื“ื ืืœ-ื™ืจืžื•ืง. ืฉื ืช 2014 ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืืช ื”ืžื’ืžื” ื•ื™ื™ืฆืจื” ืื™ืจื•ืขื™ื ื—ืจื™ื’ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืชืงื™ืคืช ื›ื•ื— ื”ืžืฉืงื™ืคื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื•"ื, ื›ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืงื•ื ื™ื™ื˜ืจื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื” ื•ื™ื™ืจื•ื˜ ืžื˜ื•ืก ืกื•ืจื™ ืฉื—ืฆื” ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื™. ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ื’ื‘ืจื” ื”ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื™ืจืื ื™ืช ื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ืืจ 2015, ืคื’ืขื” ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืฉื™ื™ืจืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื ืจืœ ืืœ-ื”ื“ื“ื™, ืžืคืงื“ ื‘ื›ื™ืจ ื‘ืžืฉืžืจื•ืช ื”ืžื”ืคื›ื” ื”ืื™ืจืื ื™ื™ื. ื‘ืคืจื•ืก 2016, ืฆื”"ืœ ืžืฆื ืขืฆืžื• ืžืžืฉื™ืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ื‘ ืœ"ื–ืœื™ื’ื•ืช" ืฉืœ ืจืงื˜ื•ืช ืฉื ื—ืชื• ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืขื ื”ืžืฉืš ื”ืงืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืคืœื’ื™ื ื”ื™ืจื™ื‘ื™ื ืฉื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘ โ€“ ื”ืคืขื ื’ื ื‘ื—ืกื•ืชื ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ืกื™ื โ€“ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœื” ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ืืœื ืฉื”ืคืขื ืฆื”"ืœ ืžืฆื ืขืฆืžื• ืžื•ืคืชืข ืคื—ื•ืช, ืœืื•ืจ ื”ื”ื›ืจื•ืช ืฉื ื‘ื ืชื” ืขื ืžืงืฆืช ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืฉืžืฆื™ื“ื• ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ.

ื”ืžื’ืขื™ื ืขื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื”ื—ืœ ืœื™ื™ืฆืจ ืขืจื•ืฆื™ ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื•ื”ื›ืจื•ืช ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ืขื ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืžืชื•ื ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืฉื•ื™ื›ื•ืช ืœืžืขื’ืœ ืฆื‘ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ื•ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืขืฆืžืื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจืก ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ื‘ื”ื—ืœืฉืช ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืืกืœืื ื”ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™, ืœื•ื—ืžื™ ื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื” ื•ื›ื•ื— ืงื•ื“ืก ื”ืื™ืจืื ื™ ื‘ื’ื–ืจื”. ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ื”ืชืคืชื—ื” ื”ื›ืจื” ื‘ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืฉื”ื—ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจ ืขื ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ืช ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช ื•ืขื ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื ื”ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ื‘ื’ื–ืจื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช. ืขืœ ืคื ื™ื• ื“ื•ืžื” ืฉื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ื™ื ื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ "ื”ืฆื“ ื”ื ื•ืชืŸ" ื”ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื•ืจืคื•ืื™, ืื‘ืœ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื–ื• ื–ื•ื›ื” ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ื’ื–ืจืช ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืฉืงื˜ื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื•ืžืžืžืฉืช ื‘ื›ืš ืืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื—ืงืช ื”ืžืœื—ืžื” ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช ืžื’ื‘ื•ืœื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ.

ืขืœ ืฆื™ื“ื• ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ: ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื”ืกื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื’ื–ืจื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช

ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื”, ื•ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื–ื” ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ, ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืžื™ืœื™ืฆื™ื•ืช, ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื•ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ย (ื•ื‘ื›ืœืœืŸ ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื) ื”ืžื‘ืงืฉื•ืช ืœื™ื™ืฆื’ ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ืžื•ื ื”, ืขืœ-ืคื™ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื, ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื. ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืืœื• ืื™ื ืŸ ื—ื•ืœืงื•ืช ืงื• ืื™ื“ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืงื•ื”ืจื ื˜ื™, ื•ื”ืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืฉื™ื•ื›ื™ื ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื ืืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ-ืคื™ ืฉื™ืงื•ืœื™ื ืคืจื’ืžื˜ื™ื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื™ื—ืกื™ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืฉืชื ื™ื ื‘ืฉื˜ื—. ื•ืื›ืŸ, ื™ื—ืกื™ ื”ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ืขื ื”ืชืงืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืœื—ื™ืžื” ืœื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื”ืชื‘ืกืกื•ืชืŸ ืฉืœ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื” ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ื” ืœืฉืœื•ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืืœ-ืงืืขื“ื” ืขื“ ื™ื•ืœื™ 2016, ื›ืฉื”ื›ืจื™ื–ื” ืขืœ ื”ืชื ืชืงื•ืชื” ืžืŸ ื”ืืจื’ื•ืŸ. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืชืคื™ืกืช ืขื•ืœืžื” ื”ืจื“ื™ืงืœื™ืช ื‘ื™ื—ืก ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืœื™ืฉืจืืœ, ื”ื™ื• ืืœื” ื™ืขื“ื™ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืื‘ืงื” ืœื”ืชื‘ืกืก, ื•ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ืืฃ ืœื ื”ื™ืกืกื” ืœื‘ื•ื ื‘ืžื’ืขื™ื ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ.[6] ืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืืคืฉืจื™ื™ื ืœื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื”ื ืืœื” ื”ื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืขืžื” ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื•ืื™ื ื˜ืจืกื™ื ื—ื•ืคืคื™ื, ืœืขืชื™ื ืืฃ ืขืจื›ื™ื ืœื™ื‘ืจืœื™ื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื ืืš ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื™ืจื™ื‘ื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื. ื›ืืœื” ื”ืŸ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืชื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉื•ื™ื›ื•ืช ืœืฆื‘ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ื•ืžืกืคืจ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขืฆืžืื™ื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ืžื•ืขืฆื•ืช ื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื’ื•ื‘ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ื”ื ื•ืงื˜ื•ืช ืงื• ืื™ื“ืื•ืœื’ื™ ืžืชื•ืŸ ื•ืคืจื’ืžื˜ื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ื™ื—ืกื™ ื”ื’ื•ืžืœื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆื‘ื ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ืœื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ื•ืฉืคืขื• ืžื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื’ื™ืื•-ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื™ื ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื. ืž-2012 ืคืขืœื• ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืžื–ื•ื”ื•ืช ืขืžื• ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ืงืจื‘ืช ืงื• ื”ืคืกืงืช ื”ืืฉ ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช 2014 ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ืจื™ื– ืขืœ ื”ืงืžืช 'ื—ื–ื™ืช ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช' ืฉืžืฉืชืจืขืช ืžื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื™ืจื“ืŸ, ื“ืจืš ื“ืžืฉืง ื•ืขื“ ืœืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ, ื•ืžื•ื ื” ื›ืขืฉืจื™ื ืืœืฃ ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื[7] ื•ื›-54 ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื, ื”ืคื•ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ืชื™ืื•ื ื—ืœืงื™. ื‘ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2014, 'ื”ื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช' ื”ืฉืชืชืคื” ืœืฆื“ ื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื” ื‘ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ-ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ื’ื•ืœืŸ, ืืš ืื™ื‘ื“ื” ืžืงืฆืช ืžืžืžื ื• ื‘ืžื”ืœืš 2016 ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชื—ื–ืงื•ืช ื”ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ืกื™ืช. ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื, ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื ื›ืืจื‘ืขื” ืื—ื•ื–ื™ื ืžื›ืœืœ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ืกื•ืจื™ื” (ื›-700,000 ื ืคืฉ), ื•ืžืจื•ื›ื–ื™ื ื‘ืจื•ื‘ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืจ ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื•ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื—'ืื“ืจ ืฉื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช, ื”ื ืชืคืก ื›ื ืืžืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืืกื“, ื”ื ื’ื•ืจื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื•ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ ืœืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช. ืœื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืœื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ืฉืœ ืžื’ืขื™ื ืฉื”ื—ืœื• ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉืœื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื”-20 ื‘ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžื•ื“ื™ืขื™ื ื™ ืœืื—ืจ 'ื”ืžืจื“ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ', ื ืžืฉื›ื• ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœืฉื™ืื ื‘ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืฉื”ื’ื” ื™ื’ืืœ ืืœื•ืŸ ืœืื—ืจ ืžืœื—ืžืช ืฉืฉืช ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืœื”ืจื—ื™ื‘ ืืช ืฉืœื™ื˜ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืžื”ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ืขื“ ื”ืจ ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื.[8] ืื•ืœื ืžืื– ื›ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื ืงื˜ื• ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื”ืกื•ืจื™ื ืงื• ืคืจื•-ืžืžืกื“ื™ ืกื•ืจื™ ืขื•ื™ืŸ ื›ืœืคื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืื–ืจื—ื™ื, ื”ื’ื ืฉืฉืืคื• ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืืฉ, ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืขืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจ ื•ืœืฉืชืฃ ืขืžื• ืคืขื•ืœื”, ืื ื›ื™ ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืงืจื‘ื ื‘ื—ืจื• ืœื”ืฉืชืžื˜ ืžื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืฆื‘ื ืืกื“, ืื• ืœื—ืœื•ืคื™ืŸ ืกื™ืจื‘ื• ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืœื•ื—ืžื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื”ื. ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืขื“ื” ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ืช ื ื˜ืœื• ื—ืœืง ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืืžื ื•ืช ืœืžืฉื˜ืจ, ื•ืืจื‘ืขื” ืžื”ื ืืฃ ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื• ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ื‘ืืคืจื™ืœ 2015 ื‘ืคืขื•ืœื” ื›ื•ืฉืœืช ืฉืœ 'ื”ืชื ื’ื“ื•ืช ืขืžืžื™ืช' ืฉืืจื’ืŸ ื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื” ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื ื’ื“ ื™ืฉืจืืœ.[9] ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื”ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ืฉืœ ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ืฉืžืจื• ื’ื ื›ืŸ ืขืœ ื ืืžื ื•ืช ืœืžืฉื˜ืจ ืืกื“.

ืžื’ืขื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืžื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ืชื ื”ืœื• ื‘ื›ืžื” ืขืจื•ืฆื™ื, ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจืฉืžื™ื™ื. ืขืจื•ืฆื™ื ืืœื” ื”ืชืจื—ื‘ื• ืขื ื”ื™ื“ื•ืง ื”ืงืฉืจื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆื”"ืœ ื•ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื”ืกื•ืจื™. ืžื’ืขื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื”ืชื ื”ืœื• ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื—ืฆื™ืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ 2014 ื‘ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœืงื“ื ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืื ืฉื™ ืื•ืคื•ื–ื™ืฆื™ื” ืกื•ืจื™ื ื’ื•ืœื™ื ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืœื›ื™ื ื•ืŸ ืื–ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ืื•ื˜ื•ื ื•ืžื™ (Safe Zone) ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ื’ื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื•ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉื™ืžื ืข ื”ืฉืชืœื˜ื•ืช ืฉื™ืขื™ืช ืื• ืกืœืคื™ืช-ื’'ื™ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ืช ืขืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื—. ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ื”ื•ื‘ืœืช ื”ืื•"ื ื ืงืจืื” ืœื”ืขื ื™ืง ื—ืกื•ืช ืœืกื™ื“ื•ืจื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ, ืฉื™ื›ืœืœื• ื”ื˜ืœืช ืกื’ืจ ืื•ื•ื™ืจื™ ืขืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื•ื”ืงืžืช ืจืฆื•ืขืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื•ืžืง 25 ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืชืฉืชืจืข ืœืื•ืจืš ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืชื™ื” ืฉืœ ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ ื•ื™ืจื“ืŸ. ืื–ื•ืจ ื—ื™ืฅ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื”, ืฉื›ืžื•ืชื• ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื” ื•ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช ืฉื•ืงืœื•ืช ืœื”ืงื™ื ืœืื•ืจืš ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืกื•ืจื™ื”, ื ื•ืขื“ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืืช ืฉื™ืงื•ื ื”ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื ื”ืœืชื™ื•ืช, ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืœ ื”ืืจืฅ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™, ื•ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ื’ื ื™ื ืœืื‘ืŸ ืฉื•ืื‘ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื•ืคืœื™ื˜ื™ื. ืžื™ืžื•ืฉื• ื”ืžื•ืฆืœื— ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืขื“ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืžืฉืš ื–ืœื™ื’ืช ื”ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื”ืขืžืžื™ืช ืœืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืกืœืคื™ื•ืช-ื’'ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช ืžืชื•ืš ืื™ื ื˜ืจืกื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื™ื ืื• ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืžื™ื’ื•ืจืŸ ื”ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ ื•ืœื”ืงืœื” ื‘ืžืฉื‘ืจ ื”ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื ืชื•ื ื” ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช. ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ื”ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื”ื ืืช ืื–ื•ืจ ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืœื—ื•ืœื™ื™ื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื™ืฉื•ืช ืกื•ืจื™ืช ื—ื“ืฉื”, ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ื•ืžืฉื’ืฉื’ืช, ืฉื™ืฉืžืฉ ืžื•ื“ืœ ืœื—ื™ืงื•ื™ ืฉื™ืชืจื—ื‘ ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื” ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื. ืžื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืฆืข ื”ืชื—ืœืง ืœืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืฉืœื‘ื™ื: ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืงืฆืจ – ื’ื™ื•ืก ืกื™ื•ืข ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื›ืกืคื™ ื•ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ืฉื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ื“ ื‘ืžื–ื•ืŸ, ื‘ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื“, ื‘ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช, ื‘ืื•ื”ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื’ื–; ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื – ื”ืงืžืชื ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืฉื“ื”, ื‘ืชื™ ื“ื™ืŸ, ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ืžืฉื˜ืจื”; ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืืจื•ืš – ืงื™ื“ื•ื ืฉื™ืชื•ืคื™ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืกื•ืจื™-ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ื‘ื ื•ืฉืื™ ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ืžื™ื.

ืœืฉื ืงื™ื“ื•ื ื”ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืกื‘ืจื• ื”ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื›ื™ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืชื™ืื•ื ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ื‘ื’ื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืžืฆื“ื”. ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื›ืš ืžืคืงื“ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ืฆื™ื•ืช, ืžื ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื, ืื ืฉื™ ื“ืช ื•ืจืืฉื™ ืฉื‘ื˜ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ (ืฉื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ืžืขืจื‘ ืจื™ืฃ ื“ืžืฉืง, ืงื•ื ื™ื˜ืจื” ื•ื—ื•ืจืืŸ) ื ื™ืกื• ืœื™ื–ื•ื ื“ื™ืืœื•ื’ ืขื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืื–ืจื—ื™ื™ื, ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืžื˜ืจื” ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืกืจ ืœืคื™ื• ื”ื ื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื™ื ื˜ืจืกื™ื ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ื•ืื•ืชื ืื•ื™ื‘ื™ื – ื”ืฆื™ืจ ื”ืคืจื•-ืื™ืจืื ื™ ื•ื”ื’'ื™ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ื. ื”ื ืฆื™ื’ื™ื ื”ืกื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ืงืฉื• ืœื–ื›ื•ืช ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืขืงืจื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืชื›ื ื™ืช, ื•ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ื‘ืกื™ื•ืข ื‘ื”ื•ืฆืืชื” ืืœ ื”ืคื•ืขืœ. ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื™ื•ื—ืกื” ืœื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืžืฉื•ืœืฉืช: ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืฆื‘ืื™ืช ื“ืจื•ืฉื•ืช ื”ืกื›ืžื”, ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื•ืืฃ ื”ืฉืชืชืคื•ืช ืžืฆื“ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืœืฉื ื”ืงืžืช ืื–ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื‘ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื•ืžื ื™ืขืช ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ืœ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื‘ืžืจื—ื‘ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื™ ืฉืœื•; ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืžื“ื™ื ื™ืช ื™ืงืœ ื’ื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ืขืœ ื’ื™ื•ืก ื™ืจื“ืŸ ืœืชื›ื ื™ืช ื•ื”ื™ืจืชืžื•ืช ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื™ื™ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช; ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื ืชืคืกืช ื›ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืžื™ื™ืฆื’ืช ื“ื’ื ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™, ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ ื•ืžื“ืขื™ ืœื™ื‘ืจืœื™ ื•ืžืชืงื“ื ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืžืžื ื• ื•ืœื”ืคื™ืง ืชื•ืขืœืช ื—ื•ืžืจื™ืช ืžืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืขืžื• ื‘ืขืชื™ื“. ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ืฆื™ื’ื• ื–ืืช, ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื‘ื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืžืŸ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื™ื—ืกื™ ื”ื’ื•ืžืœื™ืŸ ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื™ื ื ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื˜ืงื˜ื™ืช ื•ืืจืขื™ืช, ืืœื ื ื•ืขื“ื• ืœื”ืคื•ืš ื‘ืžืจื•ืฆืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื‘ืจื™ืช ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ืช ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœ'ืฉืœื•ื ื—ื' ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื.

ืžื•ืงื“ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ 2014, ื™ื–ืžื• ื ืฆื™ื’ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืงืŸ ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช 'ื”ื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช' ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื•ืžืฆื•ืžืฆืžืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ื™ืงืฉื• ืœืชืื ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืชื›ื ื™ืช ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืชื” ื™ืฉืชืœื˜ื• ืขืœ ื’ื–ืจืช ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ, ื™ืžื’ืจื• ืžืžื ื” ืืช ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื•ืืช ื”ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ืกืœืคื™ื•ืช-ื’'ื™ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ื•ืช, ื•ื™ื›ื•ื ื ื• ืžื•ื‘ืœืขืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืชื›ื•ื ืŸ ื™ื—ืกื™ ืฉืœื•ื ื•ื ื•ืจืžืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื” ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ืžื•ื‘ืœืขืช ื–ื• ืชื”ื ืžื ื•ืชืงืช ืžื›ืœืœ ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืงืจื•ื‘, ืืš ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉืžืฉ ืœื” ืื‘ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืœื›ืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ื‘ื•ื ื”ื™ื•ื. ื”ืชื›ื ื™ืช, ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ื” ื ื™ืฆื‘ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ ืžื™ืœื™ืฆื™ื” ื”ืคื•ืขืœืช ื‘ืงื•ื ื™ื˜ืจื”, ื”ืชื—ืœืงื” ืœืฉื ื™ ืฉืœื‘ื™ื: ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืžื™ื“ื™, ื”ืžืžื•ืงื“ ื‘ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ ื˜ืงื˜ื™ – ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืœื•ื—ืžื•ืช ื‘ืฉื˜ื— ืชื—ืช ืคื™ืงื•ื“ ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ, ืื™ืžื•ืŸ ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื’ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืจื“ืŸ, ืืกืคืงืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ืœื—ื™ืžื” ื•ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื” ืฆื‘ืื™ืช. ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืืจื•ืš – ื”ื•ื‘ืœืช ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืื–ืจื—ื™ืช ื”ื›ื•ืœืœืช ืžื™ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืจืคื•ืจืžื•ืช ื‘ืชื—ื•ืžื™ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš, ื”ื“ืช, ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื”, ื”ืžืฉืคื˜, ื”ื—ื‘ืจื”, ื”ืชืขืกื•ืงื”, ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ืžืขืžื“ ื”ืื™ืฉื”. ื›ืฆืขื“ ืžืงื“ื™ื ืœืžื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืชื›ื ื™ืช ื ื•ืขื“ื• ื™ื•ื–ืžื™ื” ื‘ื›ืžื” ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืขื ื ืฆื™ื’ื™ื ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืคื•ืจืžืœื™ื™ื ื‘ืขืจื•ืฅ ืžืฉื ื™ ื‘ืขืžืืŸ, ื•ื”ื—ืœื• ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืฉืจืช ืœื‘ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืœืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” ืขื ื™ืฉืจืืœ.[10] ืืžื ื ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืืœื” ืœื ื™ืฆืื• ืืœ ื”ืคื•ืขืœ ืขืงื‘ ื”ืงืฉื™ื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ื”ืกื›ืžื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื ืœืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื”ืกื˜ื˜ื•ืก ืงื•ื•, ืืš ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ , ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ื—ืœื” ืœืžืœื ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžืกื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ื’ื–ืจื” ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืจื—ื‘ืช ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™; ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฆื‘ืื™ืช ื ื’ื“ ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื’'ื™ื”ืื“ื™ืกื˜ื™ื™ื, ื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ืžื—ื ื” ืคืœื™ื˜ื™ื ืฉื”ืชืžืงื ื‘ืฉื˜ื— ื”ืžืคื•ืจื–; ื•ื”ืจืชืขื” ื”ืžืฉืจืชืช ืœื ืคืขื ืืช ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืชื•ื ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื’ื–ืจื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช.

ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื”ืžืขืฉื”

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืœื’ื‘ื•ืช ืžื—ื™ืจ ื“ืžื™ื ื ื•ืจื โ€“ ืžืขืœ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื, ื•ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื–ืจื ืฉืœ ืคืœื™ื˜ื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืคื•ืกืง ืฉื•ื˜ืฃ ืืช ืชื•ืจื›ื™ื”, ื™ืจื“ืŸ ื•ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ, ื ืฉืืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ืฉืงื˜ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื•ืคืชื•ื— ืœืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ื ื›ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืœืžืฉืงื™ืคื™ UNDOF ื‘ื”ืจ ื‘ื ื˜ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืžืœื—ืžื” ื”ืžืชื ื”ืœืช ื›ืžืขื˜ ืžื•ืœื ื•ืœื”ืงืฉื™ื‘ ืœื”ื“ื™ื”. ืœืžืจื•ืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื”, ื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื”, ืื™ืจืืŸ, ื“ืืขืฉ ื•ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืขื•ื™ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื–ืœื™ื’ืช ื”ืงืจื‘ื•ืช ืœืฉื˜ื—ื” ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืžื™ื ื•ืจื™ืช ื•ื“ื•ืžื” ืฉืฆื”"ืœ ืžืฆืœื™ื— ืœืื—ื•ื– ื‘ืงื• ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื•ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ืชื•ื•ืื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืœืœื ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ืื• ืจื™ื›ื•ื– ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช. ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื™ืจื“ืŸ, ืชื•ืจื›ื™ื” ื•ืœื‘ื ื•ืŸ, ืฉืžืฆืื• ืขืฆืžืŸ ื ื’ืจืจื•ืช ื‘ืขืœ ื›ื•ืจื—ืŸ ืœืงืœื—ืช ื”ืกื•ืจื™ืช, ื“ื•ืžื” ืฉื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื” ืœืชื—ื ืืช ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื•ืชื” ื‘ืงื•ื ืคืœื™ืงื˜ ื”ืกื•ืจื™, ื•ืœื ื”ืœื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ืžืฉืจืชืช ื”ืŸ ืืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจืก ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ื•ื”ืŸ ืืช ื–ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืขืœื™ ื‘ืจื™ืชื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ.

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืชืงื•ืคืช ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื”"ืขืžื™ื“ื” ืžื ื’ื“" ื”ืชืืคื™ื™ื ื• ื‘ืฉื™ื“ื•ืจ ืžืกืจื™ื ืกื•ืชืจื™ื ื•ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ "ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ ืฉืœื ืœื”ื—ืœื™ื˜", ืžืชืืคื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ืกื“ื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืžื’ื“ื™ืจื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจืก ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™, ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ืžื” ืฉืงืฉื•ืจ ืœืžืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ื“ืจื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื•ืžืงื“ืžืช ืกื™ื•ืข ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ื•ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืฉื•ืชืคื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช ื’ื“ืจ. ื”ืงืžืช ืžื ื”ืœืช ื”"ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”" ื”ื™ื ื” ืกื™ืžืŸ ืžืขื•ื“ื“ ืœื ื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืœื”ื›ืจื™ื– ืขืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื™ื•ืชื” ื•ืœืฉื—ืง ื‘"ืงืœืคื™ื ื’ืœื•ื™ื™ื ืžืขื˜ ื™ื•ืชืจ." ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื”ื™ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื‘ืจื™ืชื•ืช ืœืฉื ืฉืžื™ืจืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจืก ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ื ื™, ื“ื•ืžื” ืฉืžื”ืœืš ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื–ื” ื˜ื•ืžืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื‘ื• ื’ื ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ืœื ืจืง ืœืขืฉื™ื™ื” ื”ื•ืžื ื™ื˜ืจื™ืช ืžืฆื™ืœืช ื—ื™ื™ื ืืœื ื’ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื” ืขื ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื‘ืขืชื™ื“.

ืงื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื:

[1] "ื™ื—ื™ื“ืช ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœืกื•ืจื™ื”?", ื™ื“ื™ืขื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช, 29 ื‘ืžืื™ 2016, http://www.yediot.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4808991,00.html. ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-21 ืœืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016.

[2] ืœื”ืจื—ื‘ื”, ืจืื•: "ื”ื’ื“ืจ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” 2.0 โ€“ ืคืขื•ืœื” ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ืœื ื•ื›ื— ื”ืžืฉื‘ืจย ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื”", ืžื—ื–ื•ืŸ ืœืžืฆื™ืื•ืช: ื”ื‘ืœื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžื›ื•ืŸ ืจืื•ืช, ืžืจืฅ 2012. ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-21 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016.

[3] ื‘ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ 2012 ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื ืกื•ืจื™ื ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื• ืœื’ืจืฉ ืืช ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืฆื‘ื ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ืžื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื—'ืฉื‘ ืฉื‘ื’ื–ืจืช ืจืžืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื•ื”ื›ืจื™ื–ื• ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจ. ื‘ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ 2013, ื”ื•ืงืžื” ื”ืžื•ืขืฆื” ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื’ื–ืจืช ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ ื•ื‘ืžืจืฅ ืื•ืชื” ืฉื ื”, ืฆื”"ืœ ื”ื’ื™ื‘ ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื™ืจื™ ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ย ื”ืฆื‘ื ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ืœืื—ืจ ื™ืจื™ ืžืฆื™ื“ื ย ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ืœื™ ืฆื”"ืœ ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ื’ื•ืœืŸ.

[4] ืื—ื™ืงื ืžืฉื” ื“ื•ื™ื“, "ื™ืขืœื•ืŸ: ื’ื ืœืื™ ืคืขื•ืœื” ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” – ื”ืฉืœื›ื” ืขืœื™ื ื•", NRG, 8 ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 2013, ย ย ย ย http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART2/505/424.html. ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-20 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016.

[5] ืจืื• ืกืงื™ืจื” ืžืคื•ืจื˜ืช ื‘-(Nir Boms, Udi Dekel, Ofir Winter, โ€œSyriaโ€™s New Map and New Actors: Challenges and Opportunities for Israel,โ€ Memoranda #161 (Tel-Aviv: The Institute for National Security Studies, August ย 2016

[6] ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ืื• ืืฃ ืขืœ ืกื™ื•ืข ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ืœื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื”. ืจืื• "ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืžืกื™ื™ืขืช ืœื’'ื‘ื”ืช ืืœ-ื ื•ืฆืจื” ืœืชืงื•ืฃ ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื”", ื”ืืจืฅ, 11 ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 2016 http://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-1.3065151. ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-25 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016.

[7] ื™ืฉื ืŸ ื”ืขืจื›ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ื ืกื•ืจื™ื” ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ืื• ืฉืœ ื”ืœื•ื—ืžื™ื ื”ืžืกื•ื ืคื™ื ืœื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช. ืจืื•: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/09/syria-north-south-opposition-groups.html; ย https://rfsmediaoffice.com/en/2014/12/13/free-syrian-army-factions-of-the-southern-front-unite-their-forces-against-the-regime-and-extremists/#.V_YRdYVOKM8 ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-20 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016.

[8] ื™ื•ืกื™ ืืœืคืจ, ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ื•ื“ื“ื”, ื”ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื”ื—ืฉืื™ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื—ืจ ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ (ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘: ื”ื•ืฆืืช ืžื˜ืจ, 2015),ย  ืขืž' 76-74.

[9] ืื™ื™ืœ ื–ื™ืกืจ, ืกื•ืจื™ื”: ืžื—ืื”, ืžื”ืคื›ื”, ืžืœื—ืžืช ืื–ืจื—ื™ื (ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘: ืžืจื›ื– ืžืฉื” ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ ื”ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืืคืจื™ืงื”, 2014), ืขืž' 251-250; ืืœื™ื–ื‘ื˜ ืฆื•ืจืงื•ืก, "ืจืฆื•ืขืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ืœื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื‘ืกื•ืจื™ื” ืจืง ืชืกื‘ืš ืืช ืžืฆื‘ื", ื”ืคื•ืจื•ื ืœื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ืช, 21 ื‘ื™ื•ื ื™ 2015, http://tinyurl.com/odk68x2, ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-20 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016 ; ืกืžื™ืจ ื—ืœื‘ื™, "ื”ืฉืœื˜ื•ืŸ ื”ืกื•ืจื™ ื•ื—ื–ื‘ืืœืœื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื•ื–ื™ื ื ื’ื“ ื™ืฉืจืืœ," ืคื•ืจื˜ืœ ื”ื›ืจืžืœ, 27 ื‘ืืคืจื™ืœ 2015. www.karmel.co.il/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=34283, ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-20 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016; ื—ืกืŸ ืฉืขืœืืŸ, ืจื•ืขื™ ืงื™ื™ืก ื•ืืœื™ืื•ืจ ืœื•ื™, "ืžื—ื‘ืœื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืกืœื• ืืžืฉ – ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ ืžื’'ื“ืœ ืฉืžืก", YNET, 27 ื‘ืืคืจื™ืœ 2015, www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4651130,00.html, ื ืฆืคื” ื‘-20 ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ 2016.

[10] ืขื“ื•ืช ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ื‘ืจ ืฉื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื‘ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืืœื”.

ืฉืชืคื• ืืช ื”ื›ืชื‘ื”: